Publications

2020 - Present

  1. Noyes, K., McKay, R. L., Neumann, M., Haudek, K. C., & Cooper, M. M. (2020). Developing Computer Resources to Automate Analysis of Students’ Explanations of London Dispersion Forces. Journal of Chemical Education. DOI: 10.1021/acs.jchemed.0c00445
  2. Cooper, M. M. & Klymkowsky, M. W. (2020). Comment on “Should Organic Chemistry Be Taught as Science?” Journal of Chemical Education, 97(4), 1213-1214. DOI: 10.1021/acs.jchemed.9b00851
  3. Stephenson, N. S., Duffy, E. M., Day, E. L., ... & Carmel, J. H. (2020). Development and Validation of Scientific Practices Assessment Tasks for the General Chemistry Laboratory. Journal of Chemical Education, 97(4), 884-893. DOI: 10.1021/acs.jchemed.9b00897
  4. Cooper, M. M. (2020). The Crosscutting Concepts: Critical Component or “Third Wheel” of Three-Dimensional Learning?. Journal of Chemical Education, 97(4), 903-909. DOI: 10.1021/acs.jchemed.9b01134
  5. Crandell, O. M., Lockhart, M. A., & Cooper, M. M. (2020). Arrows on the Page Are Not a Good Gauge: Evidence for the Importance of Causal Mechanistic Explanations about Nucleophilic Substitution in Organic Chemistry. Journal of Chemical Education, 97(2), 313-327. DOI: 10.1021/acs.jchemed.9b00815
  6. Duffy, E. M. & Cooper, M. M. (2020). Assessing TA buy-in to expectations and alignment of actual teaching practices in a transformed general chemistry laboratory course. Chemistry Education Research and Practice, 21, 189-208. DOI: 10.1039/C9RP00088G

2015 - 2019

  1. **ACS Editors Choice** Stowe, R. L., & Cooper, M. M. (2019). Arguing from Spectroscopic Evidence. Journal of Chemical Education, 96(10), 2072-2085. DOI: 10.1021/acs.jchemed.9b00550
  2. Cooper, M. M., Stowe, R. L., Crandell, O. M., & Klymkowsky, M. W. (2019). Organic Chemistry, Life, the Universe and Everything (OCLUE): A Transformed Organic Chemistry Curriculum. Journal of Chemical Education, 96(9), 1858-1872. DOI: 10.1021/acs.jchemed.9b00401
  3. Noyes, K. & Cooper, M. M. (2019). Investigating Student Understanding of London Dispersion Forces: A Longitudinal Study. Journal of Chemical Education, 96(9), 1821-1832. DOI: 10.1021/acs.jchemed.9b00455
  4. Stowe, R. L., Herrington, D. G., McKay, R. L., & Cooper, M. M. (2019). Adapting a Core-Idea Centered Undergraduate General Chemistry Curriculum for Use in High School. Journal of Chemical Education, 96(7), 1318-1326. DOI: 10.1021/acs.jchemed.9b00071
  5. Stowe, R. L., Herrington, D. G., McKay, R. L., & Cooper, M. M. (2019). The Impact of Core-Idea Centered Instruction on High School Students’ Understanding of Structure–Property Relationships. Journal of Chemical Education, 96(7), 1327-1340. DOI: 10.1021/acs.jchemed.9b00111
  6. Carmel, J. H., Herrington, D. G., Posey, L. P., ... & Cooper, M. M. (2019). Helping Students to “Do Science”: Characterizing Scientific Practices in General Chemistry Laboratory Curricula. Journal of Chemical Education, 96(3), 423-434. DOI: 10.1021/acs.jchemed.8b00912
  7. Kararo, A. T., Colvin, R. A., Cooper, M. M., & Underwood, S. M. (2019). Predictions and constructing explanations: an investigation into introductory chemistry students’ understanding of structure–property relationships. Chemistry Education Research and Practice, 20, 316-328. DOI: 10.1039/C8RP00195B
  8. Crandell, O. M., Kouyoumdjian, Underwood, S. M., & Cooper, M. M. (2018). Reasoning about Reactions in Organic Chemistry: Starting It in General Chemistry. Journal of Chemical Education. DOI: 10.1021/acs.jchemed.8b00784
  9. Matz, R. L., Fata-Hartley, C. L., Posey, L. P., ... & Cooper, M. M. (2018). Evaluating the extent of a large-scale transformation in gateway science courses. Science Advances, 4(10), 1-11. DOI: 10.1126/sciadv.aau0554
  10. Kohn, K. P., Underwood, S. M., & Cooper, M. M. (2018). Connecting Structure–Property and Structure–Function Relationships across the Disciplines of Chemistry and Biology: Exploring Student Perceptions. CBE-Life Sciences Education, 17(2), 1-15. DOI: 10.1187/cbe.18-01-0004
  11. Cooper, M. M. & Stowe, R. L. (2018). Chemistry Education Research—From Personal Empiricism to Evidence, Theory, and Informed Practice. Chemical Reviews, 118(12), 6053-6087. DOI: 10.1021/acs.chemrev.8b00020
  12. Kohn, K. P., Underwood, S. M., & Cooper, M. M. (2018). Energy connections and misconnections across chemistry and biology. CBE—Life Sciences Education, 17(1), ar3. DOI: 10.1187/cbe.17-08-0169
  13. **ACS Editors Choice** Underwood, S. M., Posey, L. A., Herrington, D. G., Carmel, J. H., & Cooper, M. M. (2017). Adapting assessment tasks to support three-dimensional learning. Journal of Chemical Education, 95(2), 207-217. DOI: 10.1021/acs.jchemed.7b00645
  14. Cooper, M. M. (in press). Evidence-Based Approaches to Curriculum Reform and Assessment. Educacio Quimica.
  15. Stowe, R. L., & Cooper, M. M. (2017). Practicing what we preach: assessing “critical thinking” in organic chemistry. Journal of Chemical Education, 94(12), 1852-1859. DOI: 10.1021/acs.jchemed.7b00335
  16. Cooper, M. M., Stieff, M., & DeSutter, D. (2017). Sketching the invisible to predict the visible: from drawing to modeling in chemistry. Topics in Cognitive Science, 9(4), 902-920. DOI: 10.1111/tops.12285
  17. **ACS Editors Choice** Cooper, M. M., Posey, L. A., & Underwood, S. M. (2017). Core Ideas and Topics: Building Up or Drilling Down?. Journal of Chemical Education, 94(5), 541-548. DOI: 10.1021/acs.jchemed.6b00900
  18. Carmel, J. H., Ward, J. S., & Cooper, M. M. (2017). A glowing recommendation: A Project-based cooperative laboratory activity to promote use of the scientific and engineering practices. Journal of Chemical Education, 94(5), 626-631. DOI: 10.1021/acs.jchemed.6b00628
  19. Laverty, J. T., Underwood, S. M., Matz, R. L., Posey, L. A., Carmel, J. H., Caballero, M. D., ... & Cooper, M. M. (2016). Characterizing college science assessments: the three-dimensional learning assessment protocol. PloS one, 11(9), e0162333. DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0162333
  20. Klymkowsky, M. W., Rentsch, J. D., Begovic, E., & Cooper, M. M. (2016). The design and transformation of Biofundamentals: A nonsurvey introductory evolutionary and molecular biology course. CBE—Life Sciences Education, 15(4), ar70. DOI: 10.1187/cbe.16-03-0142
  21. Becker, N., Noyes, K., & Cooper, M. (2016). Characterizing students’ mechanistic reasoning about London dispersion forces. Journal of Chemical Education, 93(10), 1713-1724. DOI: 10.1021/acs.jchemed.6b00298
  22. **ACS Editors Choice** Cooper, M. M., Kouyoumdjian, H., & Underwood, S. M. (2016). Investigating students’ reasoning about acid–base reactions. Journal of Chemical Education, 93(10), 1703-1712. DOI: 10.1021/acs.jchemed.6b00417
  23. Cooper, M. M. (2016). It is time to say what we mean. Journal of Chemical Education, 93(5), 799-800. DOI: 10.1021/acs.jchemed.6b00227
  24. Underwood, S. M., Reyes-Gastelum, D., & Cooper, M. M. (2016). When do students recognize relationships between molecular structure and properties? A longitudinal comparison of the impact of traditional and transformed curricula. Chemistry Education Research and Practice, 17(2), 365-380. DOI: 10.1039/C5RP00217F
  25. Cooper, M. M. (2015). What can the learning sciences tell us about chemistry education? Sputnik to Smartphones: A Half-Century of Chemistry Education. 93-105. DOI: 10.1021/bk-2015-1208.ch006
  26. Cooper, M. M., Caballero, M. D., Ebert-May, D., Fata-Hartley, C. L., Jardeleza, S. E., Krajcik, J. S., ... & Underwood, S. M. (2015). Challenge faculty to transform STEM learning. Science, 350(6258), 281-282. DOI: 10.1126/science.aab0933
  27. Williams, L. C., Underwood, S. M., Klymkowsky, M. W., & Cooper, M. M. (2015). Are noncovalent interactions an Achilles heel in chemistry education? A comparison of instructional approaches. Journal of Chemical Education, 92(12), 1979-1987. DOI: 10.1021/acs.jchemed.5b00619
  28. Cooper, M. M. (2015). Why ask why?. Journal of Chemical Education, 92(8), 1273-1279. DOI: 10.1021/acs.jchemed.5b00203
  29. Underwood, S. M., Reyes-Gastelum, D., & Cooper, M. M. (2015). Answering the Questions of Whether and When Learning Occurs: Using Discrete‐Time Survival Analysis to Investigate the Ways in Which College Chemistry Students’ Ideas About Structure–Property Relationships Evolve. Science Education, 99(6), 1055-1072. DOI: 10.1002/sce.21183
  30. **ACS Editors Choice** Cooper, M. M., Williams, L. C., & Underwood, S. M. (2015). Student understanding of intermolecular forces: A multimodal study. Journal of Chemical Education, 92(8), 1288-1298. DOI: 10.1021/acs.jchemed.5b00169

2010 - 2014

  1. Becker, N. M., & Cooper, M. M. (2014). College chemistry students' understanding of potential energy in the context of atomic–molecular interactions. Journal of Research in Science Teaching, 51(6), 789-808. DOI: 10.1002/tea.21159
  2. Cooper, M. M., Klymkowsky, M. W., & Becker, N. M. (2014). Energy in chemical systems: An integrated approach. In Teaching and learning of energy in K–12 education (pp. 301-316). Springer, Cham. DOI: 10.1007/978-3-319-05017-1_17
  3. Bryfczynski, S. P., Brown, R., Hester, J., Herrmann, A., Koch, D. L., Cooper, M. M., & Grove, N. P. (2014). uRespond: iPad as interactive, personal response system. Journal of Chemical Education, 91(3), 357-363. DOI: 10.1021/ed4006453
  4. Cooper, M. M., Underwood, S. M., Bryfczynski, S. P., & Klymkowsky, M. W. (2014). A short history of the use of technology to model and analyze student data for teaching and research. Tools of chemistry education research, 1166, 219-239. DOI: 10.1021/bk-2014-1166.ch012
  5. Cooper, M. M. (2014). Evidence-based reform of teaching and learning. Analytical and bioanalytical chemistry, 406(1), 1-4. DOI: 10.1007/s00216-013-7438-4
  6. Cooper, M., & Klymkowsky, M. (2013). Chemistry, life, the universe, and everything: a new approach to general chemistry, and a model for curriculum reform. Journal of Chemical Education, 90(9), 1116-1122. DOI: 10.1021/ed300456y
  7. Cooper, M. M., Corley, L. M., & Underwood, S. M. (2013). An investigation of college chemistry students' understanding of structure–property relationships. Journal of Research in Science Teaching, 50(6), 699-721. DOI: 10.1002/tea.21093
  8. Cooper, M. M. (2013). The New MCAT: An Incentive for Reform or a Lost Opportunity?. Journal of Chemical Education, 90(7), 820-822. DOI: 10.1021/ed400351v
  9. Cooper, M. M. (2013). Chemistry and the next generation science standards. Journal of Chemical Education, 90(6), 679–680. DOI: 10.1021/ed400284c
  10. Cooper, M. M., & Klymkowsky, M. W. (2013). The trouble with chemical energy: Why understanding bond energies requires an interdisciplinary systems approach. CBE—Life Sciences Education, 12(2), 306-312. DOI: 10.1187/cbe.12-10-0170
  11. Klymkowsky, M. W., & Cooper, M. M. (2012). Now for the hard part: The path to coherent curricular design. Biochemistry and Molecular Biology Education, 40(4), 271-272. DOI: 10.1002/bmb.20614
  12. Cooper, M. M. (2012). Cherry Picking: Why We Must Not Let Negativity Dominance Affect Our Interactions with Students. Journal of Chemical Education, 89(4), 423–424. DOI: 10.1021/ed3000217
  13. Cooper, M. M., Underwood, S. M., Hilley, C. Z., & Klymkowsky, M. W. (2012). Development and assessment of a molecular structure and properties learning progression. Journal of Chemical Education, 89(11), 1351-1357. DOI: 10.1021/ed300083a
  14. Cooper, M. M., Underwood, S. M., & Hilley, C. Z. (2012). Development and validation of the implicit information from Lewis structures instrument (IILSI): do students connect structures with properties?. Chemistry Education Research and Practice, 13(3), 195-200. DOI: 10.1039/C2RP00010E.
  15. Grove, N. P., Cooper, M. M., & Cox, E. L. (2012). Does mechanistic thinking improve student success in organic chemistry?. Journal of Chemical Education, 89(7), 850-853. DOI: 10.1021/ed200394d
  16. Henson, K., Cooper, M. M., & Klymkowsky, M. W. (2012). Turning randomness into meaning at the molecular level using Muller's morphs. Biology Open, 405-410. DOI: 10.1242/bio.2012031
  17. Bryfczynski, S., Pargas, R. P., Cooper, M. M., & Klymkowsky, M. W. (2012). BeSocratic: Graphically-assessing student knowledge. In Proceedings of the IADIS International Conference Mobile Learning (pp. 3-10).
  18. Trujillo, C., Cooper, M. M., & Klymkowsky, M. W. (2012). Using graph‐based assessments within socratic tutorials to reveal and refine students' analytical thinking about molecular networks. Biochemistry and Molecular Biology Education, 40(2), 100-107. DOI: 10.1002/bmb.20585
  19. Grove, N. P., Cooper, M. M., & Rush, K. M. (2012). Decorating with arrows: Toward the development of representational competence in organic chemistry. Journal of Chemical Education, 89(7), 844-849. DOI: 10.1021/ed2003934
  20. Sandi-Urena, S., Cooper, M., & Stevens, R. (2012). Effect of cooperative problem-based lab instruction on metacognition and problem-solving skills. Journal of Chemical Education, 89(6), 700-706. DOI: 10.1021/ed1011844
  21. Cooper, M. M. (2012). Cooperative chemistry lab manual (5th ed.). McGraw-Hill Science, Engineering & Mathematics. ISBN: 0073402729
  22. Sandi-Urena, S., Cooper, M. M., Gatlin, T. A., & Bhattacharyya, G. (2011). Students' experience in a general chemistry cooperative problem based laboratory. Chemistry Education Research and Practice, 12(4), 434-442. DOI: 10.1039/C1RP90047A
  23. Sandi-Urena, S., Cooper, M. M., & Gatlin, T. A. (2011). Graduate teaching assistants' epistemological and metacognitive development. Chemistry Education Research and Practice, 12(1), 92-100. DOI: 10.1039/C1RP90012A
  24. Sandi-Urena, S. & Cooper, M. M. Evaluation and development of metacognition in the teaching of chemistry. Ciencia y Tecnología, 26(1 y 2), 47-57. Link here.
  25. Sandi‐Urena, S., Cooper, M. M., & Stevens, R. H. (2011). Enhancement of metacognition use and awareness by means of a collaborative intervention. International journal of science education, 33(3), 323-340. DOI: 10.1080/09500690903452922
  26. Cooper, M. (2010). The case for reform of the undergraduate general chemistry curriculum. Journal of Chemical Education, 87(3), 231-232. DOI: 10.1021/ed800096m
  27. Cooper, M. M., Grove, N., Underwood, S. M., & Klymkowsky, M. W. (2010). Lost in Lewis structures: An investigation of student difficulties in developing representational competence. Journal of Chemical Education, 87(8), 869-874. DOI: 10.1021/ed900004y
  28. Holme, T., Bretz, S. L., Cooper, M., Lewis, J., Paek, P., Pienta, N., ... & Towns, M. (2010). Enhancing the role of assessment in curriculum reform in chemistry. Chemistry Education Research and Practice, 11(2), 92-97. DOI: 10.1039/C005352J
  29. Benson, L. C., Becker, K., Cooper, M. M., Hayden Griffin, O., & Smith, K. A. (2010). Engineering education: Departments, degrees and directions. International Journal of Engineering Education, 26(5), 1042-1048. Read the article here.

2005 - 2009

  1. Cooper, M. M., Grove, N. P., Pargas, R., Bryfczynski, S. P., & Gatlin, T. (2009). OrganicPad: An interactive freehand drawing application for drawing Lewis structures and the development of skills in organic chemistry. Chemistry Education Research and Practice, 10(4), 296-301. DOI: 10.1039/b920835f
  2. Pienta, N. J., Cooper, M. M., & Greenbowe, T. J. (Eds.). (2009). Chemists’ guide to effective teaching: Volume II. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice Hall. ISBN: 0321611950
  3. Cooper, M. M., & Sandi-Urena, S. (2009). Design and validation of an instrument to assess metacognitive skillfulness in chemistry problem solving. Journal of Chemical Education, 86(2), 240. DOI: 10.1021/ed086p240
  4. Cooper, M. M., Sandi–Urena, S., & Stevens, R. (2008). Reliable multi method assessment of metacognition use in chemistry problem solving. Chemistry Education Research and Practice, 9(1), 18-24. DOI: 10.1039/B801287N
  5. Cox Jr, C. T., Cooper, M. M., Pease, R., Buchanan, K., Hernandez-Cruz, L., Stevens, R., ... & Holme, T. (2008). Advancements in curriculum and assessment by the use of IMMEX technology in the organic laboratory. Chemistry Education Research and Practice, 9(2), 163-168. DOI: 10.1039/B806233C
  6. Cooper, M. M., Cox Jr, C. T., Nammouz, M., Case, E., & Stevens, R. (2008). An assessment of the effect of collaborative groups on students' problem-solving strategies and abilities. Journal of Chemical Education, 85(6), 866. DOI: 10.1021/ed085p866
  7. Pargas, R., Cooper, M., Williams, C., & Bryfczynski, S. (2007, May). Organicpad: A tablet pc based interactivity tool for organic chemistry. In First International Workshop on Pen-Based Learning Technologies. (pp. 1-6). IEEE. DOI: 10.1109/PLT.2007.4
  8. Cooper, M., Stevens, R., & Holme, T. (2006, October). Assessing problem-solving strategies in chemistry using the IMMEX system. In STEM Assessment Conference (p. 118). Link here.
  9. Cooper, M. M. (2008). Drawing meaningful conclusions from education experiments. In Bunce, D. M. & Cole, R. S. (Eds.), Nuts and Bolts of Chemical Education Research, (pp. 171-182). Washington, DC: American Chemical Society. DOI: 10.1021/bk-2008-0976
  10. Case, E., Stevens, R., & Cooper, M. (2007). Is collaborative grouping an effective instructional strategy. Journal of College Science Teaching, 36(6), 42-47. Link here.
  11. Cooper, M., & Kerns, T. (2006). The effect of the laboratory course on student's achievements and perceptions: Qualitative and quantitative aspects. Journal of Chemical Education, 83(9), 1356. 10.1021/ed083p1356
  12. Cooper, M. M. (2006). Chemical Equilibrium. In Connor-Greene, P., Mobley, C., Paul, C., Waldvogel, J. A., Wright, L. & Young A. (Eds.), Teaching and learning creatively: Inspirations and reflections. West Lafayette, IN: Parlor Press. Link here.
  13. Cox Jr, C. T., & Cooper, M. M. (2006). Derivatization of fullerenes: An organic chemistry laboratory. Journal of chemical education, 83(1), 99. DOI: 10.1021/ed083p99
  14. Cox Jr, C. T., Jordan, J., Cooper, M. M., & Stevens, R. (2006). Assessing student understanding with technology. The Science Teacher, 73(4), 56. Link here.
  15. Cooper, M. M. (2005). The Top Ten Reasons Why a Chemistry Department Should Hire Chemistry Education Faculty Members. The Chemical Educator, 10(1), 50-52. DOI: 10.1333/s00897050860a
  16. Stevens, R., Soller, A., Cooper, M., & Sprang, M. (2004, August). Modeling the development of problem solving skills in chemistry with a web-based tutor. In International Conference on Intelligent Tutoring Systems (pp. 580-591). Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg. Link here
  17. Pienta, N. J., Cooper, M. M., & Greenbowe, T. J. (Eds.). (2009). Chemists’ Guide to Effective Teaching: Volume I. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice Hall. ISBN: 0131493922
  18. Cooper, M. M. (2005). An introduction to small-group learning. In Pienta, N. J., Cooper, M. M., & Greenbowe, T. J. (Eds.), Chemists’ Guide to Effective Teaching: Volume I (pp. 117-128). Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice Hall.

2005 and earlier

  1. Cooper, M. M., Lovell, J. M., & Joule, J. A. (1996). Indole-β-nucleophilic substitution. Part 9 nitrogen nucleophiles. Syntheses of hydroxycryptolepine, cryptolepine, and quindoline. Tetrahedron letters, 37(24), 4283-4286. DOI: 10.1016/0040-4039(96)00818-0
  2. Cooper, M. M. (1995). Cooperative learning: An approach for large enrollment courses. Journal of Chemical Education, 72(2), 162. DOI: 10.1021/ed072p162
  3. Cooper, M. M. (1994). Cooperative chemistry laboratories. Journal of Chemical Education, 71(4), 307. DOI: 10.1021/ed071p307
  4. Cooper, M. M. (1993). Writing: an approach for large-enrollment chemistry courses. Journal of Chemical Education, 70(6), 476. DOI: 10.1021/ed070p476
  5. Cooper M. M. (1993). Cooperative Chemistry Laboratories. Cooperative Learning Magazine, 13, 37.
  6. Cooper M. M. (1990). Chemistry in the Laboratory. A Laboratory Manual. Raleigh, NC: Contemporary Publishing Company.
  7. Cooper, M. M. (1989). A short laboratory-based course for junior high school students in a summer science program. Journal of Chemical Education, 66(9), 763. DOI: 10.1021/ed066p763
  8. Cooper, M. M. (1989). Writing in General Chemistry. Writing Across the Curriculum News Clemson University, 1(2).
  9. Cooper, M. M., & Huffman, J. W. (1987). Reaction of an enaminone with 1-nitrocyclopentene: synthesis of a triquinane. Journal of the Chemical Society, Chemical Communications, (5), 348-349. DOI: 10.1039/C39870000348
  10. Cooper, M. M., & Spurlin, S. R. (1986). Chemiluminescent method for flow injection analysis of anions. Analytical Letters, 19(23-24), 2221-2230. DOI: 10.1080/00032718608064548
  11. Spurlin, S. R., & Cooper, M. M. (1986). A Chemiluminescent precolumn labelling reagent for high-performance liquid chromatography of amino acids. Analytical Letters, 19(23-24), 2277-2283. DOI: 10.1080/00032718608064553
  12. Abramovitch, R. A., Cooper, M. M., Jeyaranan, R., & Rusek, G. (1986). Remote intramolecular functionalization of arylnitrenium ions: Synthesis of amino—dihydrophenanthridines and benzo [c] chromans. Tetrahedron letters, 27(32), 3705-3708. DOI: 10.1016/S0040-4039(00)83858-7
  13. Abramovitch, R. A., Cooper, M., Iyer, S., Jeyaraman, R., & Rodrigues, J. A. R. (1982). Intramolecular cyclization of arylnitrenium ions. Formation of carbon-carbon bonds and of lactones. The Journal of Organic Chemistry, 47(24), 4819-4820. DOI: 10.1021/jo00145a056
  14. Dalton, L., Humphrey, G. L., Cooper, M. M., & Joule, J. A. (1983). Indole β-nucleophilic substitution. Part 7. β-Halogenation of indoles. Attempted intramolecular β-nucleophilic substitution of α-arylindoles. Journal of the Chemical Society, Perkin Transactions 1, 2417-2422. DOI:10.1039/P19830002417
  15. Beal, M. G., Ashcroft, W. R., Cooper, M. M., & Joule, J. A. (1982). Indole β-nucleophilic substitution. Part 3. Synthesis of four isomeric pyrido [x′, y′: 5, 6] oxepino [3, 2-b] indolones. Journal of the Chemical Society, Perkin Transactions 1, 435-439. DOI: 10.1039/P19820000435
  16. Abramovitch, R. A., Bartnik, R., Cooper, M., Dassanayake, N. L., Hwang, H. Y., Inbasekaran, M. N., & Rusek, G. (1982). Intramolecular cyclization of aryloxenium ions. Carbon-oxygen-carbon and carbon-carbon bond formation. A novel ortho effect. The Journal of Organic Chemistry, 47(24), 4817-4818. DOI: 10.1021/jo00145a055
  17. Cooper, M. M., Hignett, G. J., & Joule, J. A. (1981). Indole β-nucleophilic substitution. Part 2. Formation of a [2] benzoxepino [4, 3-b] indole and a pyrido [4′, 3′: 5, 6] oxepino [3, 2-b] indole. Journal of the Chemical Society, Perkin Transactions 1, 3008-3011. DOI: 10.1039/P19810003008
  18. Cooper, M. M., Hignett, G. J., Newton, R. F., Joule, J. A., Harris, M., & Hinchley, J. D. (1977). Nucleophilic substitutions at an indole β-position. Journal of the Chemical Society, Chemical Communications, (13), 432-434. DOI: 10.1039/C39770000432