Mechanisms for Molecular Rearrangement

The following equations describe a series of molecular rearrangements. Consider each reaction in turn and try to write a mechanism for the transformation.
By clicking on an equation a plausible mechanism for it will be drawn in the space on the right. Steps in which a skeletal rearrangement occurs are designated by magenta arrows.


This script written by William Reusch, Dept. of Chemistry, Michigan State University. Please send comments and corrections to