The formulas of three triglycerides, A, B & C, are shown below, with their fatty acid components specified by name. The formulas of the fatty acid components and two useful analytical procedures are described below.
Saponification Value: A measure of the molar concentration of ester functions. The mg of KOH required to completely saponify (hydrolyze) one gram of triglyceride. (Also called the "saponification number".)
Iodine Value: A measure of unsaturation. The grams of iodine consumed by 100 grams of triglyceride. In practice ICl is used, since iodine does not add completely to double bonds. However, the calculation gives results equivalent to iodine addition. (Also called the "iodine number".)
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